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Senators Raise Questions about EV Mandates and Subsidies Going to China

China, West Virginia Sen. Manchin said, is responsible for 74 percent of the world’s cathode

production and 92 percent of the world’s anode production. That’s on top of 76 percent of the lithium-ion battery production, and 60 percent to 100 percent of the world’s minerals processing, depending on the mineral. Processing is where the minerals are extracted from the raw ore that’s mined. “It doesn’t have to be that way,” Manchin said. “America and the Free Trade Agreement partners have the capacity to produce this for ourselves.”

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